Peripheral Venous Disease Symptoms

Levaquin Peripheral Neuropathy

ATTENTION HAVE YOU TAKEN THE DRUG LEVAQUIN? IF SO, PLEASE, LISTEN TO THIS IMPORTANT MESSAGE. Millions of lives have been saved becauseof the discovery of antibiotics. Fluoroquinolones are a type of powerful antibiotic which havebeen used to treat serious and lifethreatening bacterial infections. These fluoroquinolonesinclude the antibiotic drug, Levaquin. However, Levaquin has often been prescribedfor less serious ailments, such as sinus infections or ear infections, as well as other problemsthat could be treated with antibiotics that aren't quite as potent. This has resultedin many people developing Levaquin peripheral

neuropathy. Peripheral neuropathy occurs when the nervesthat carry information from the brain to the central nervous system have become damaged.This results in a variety of symptoms and many people have become disabled due to theuse of these antibiotics. Some of these symptoms include: Shooting painBurning or tingling sensation Lack of coordination and muscle weaknessDigestive issues DizzinessLightheadedness

Changes in blood pressureVision problems Sweating or intolerance to heat In 2013, the FDA required drug makers to listperipheral neuropathy as a side effect. This came 12 years after the connection had alreadybeen made. Levaquin nerve damage can result in permanentdisability and rob a victim of their ability to work. A number of lawsuits have alreadybeen filed, all of which claim the companies failed to provide patients with adequate warningsabout their association with peripheral neuropathy. If you or someone you know has taken Avelox,Cipro or Levaquin and developed any burning,

tingling, numbness of the legs and or arms,or were diagnosed with peripheral neuropathy, you may be entitled to compensation. Howevertime is limited to file a claim. For a free, no obligation case review, callthe experienced law office of Bernstein Liebhard toll free at 18889882'9. That's 18889882'9. Again to learn more about your rights today,and for the compensation you deserve, call the law office of Bernstein Liebhard at 18889882'9.

Peripheral vascular disease PVD

With peripheral vascular disease, vascularrefers to the blood vessels, and peripheral means the outer limits or edge of something,which in this case refers to essentially any vessels that aren't supplying the heartor the brain, like the legs, arms, or other organs. Peripheral vascular disease is whenone of these arteries becomes narrowed, which reduces blood flow, and this often affectsthe limbs. Peripheral vascular disease, or PVD usuallyinvolves the arteries, and so sometimes it's also referred to as peripheral artery diseaseor PAD. PVD is most often caused by a blockage, called organic PVD, most commonly caused byatherosclerosis, which is a buildup of lipids

and fibrous material just under the innerlining of the blood vessel, called the tunica intima. When plaque builds up, it narrowsthe artery, which reduces perfusion to whatever tissue it tends to supply, this buildup usuallyhappens over the course of years. Also though, the vessel could be blocked by an embolus,which can happen suddenly if a blood clot from some upstream artery lodges in a peripheralartery, which obviously stops blood flow from getting to the tissue the vessel supplies.Besides organic PVDs though, there are also functional PVDs, where blood vessels stopblood flow by changing diameter, like with vasospasms, where the vessel constricts andblood flow is reduced. This type is usually

short term and can come and go. The most commonly affected vessels in peripheralvascular disease are the arteries supplying the legs, so when less blood gets to the muscletissue in the legs, that tissue sees less oxygen and becomes ischemic. Ischemic cellsrelease adenosine, a type of signaling molecule, which is thought to affect nerves in theseareas, which is felt as pain. This pain in the legs is often referred to as claudication.Sometimes, even though it's narrowed, at rest there's enough blood to meet the tissue'sdemands, and many people are usually asymptomatic. But if the person is walking or exercisingthen the leg muscles start to work harder

and demand more oxygen, so demand becomesgreater than what's being supplied, which causes the claudication or pain. The locationof the pain is a clue on which artery's involved—if it's the hips and buttocks,think lower aorta or iliac, if it's the thigh, think iliac or common femoral artery,for the upper ⅔ of the calf, the superficial femoral artery, the lower 13—the poplitealartery, and finally for the foot—tibial or peroneal artery. Other symptoms includeleg or foot wounds or ulcers that don't heal up normally, as well as color changesof focal areas of the skin. So for example, if the leg's been affected, the foot mightturn pale white when it's raised, called

elevation pallor—since gravities sort ofworking against bloodflow to the lower extremities, which already has a hard time getting throughthe narrowed artery. Likewise, the foot might turn red when it's lowered—called dependentrubor, since gravities working with the bloodflow.We can see that gravity seriously starts to affectblood flow in the affected arteries. As the arterial blockage gets bigger, lessand less blood gets to the tissues, which can lead to more serious complications. First,rest pain describes a continuous burning or pain in the forefoot and toes when the legsare elevated, and the pain is relieved when they're lowered, like hanging the feet overthe bed or walking around the room, which

allows more blood to get down to the foot.If the blockage is severe enough, the limb might be at risk of gangrene, death of thetissue, because without oxygen for long enough, the cells can actually die, or necrose. Inwhich case the dead tissue would likely have to be removed—and in some cases the limbwould have to be amputed. The major risk factors and causes of peripheralvascular disease are the same as those for atherosclerosis, the same process that, ifinvolved in the neck arteries—can cause a stroke, and if involved in the coronaryarteries, can cause a myocardial infarction, or heart attack. Smoking seems to be the biggestcontributor to PVD, but other diseases and

Category: Neuropathy Treatment

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